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Types of Diabetes We Treat

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Could you be at risk for diabetes? Learn about the three different types of diabetes, including risk factors for each one:

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).

It usually occurs in people before the age of 30, who must then receive insulin injections. Those at greatest risk for this type of diabetes are ones who have:blood glucose testing
  • An autoimmune disease
  • A family history of diabetes
  • Viral infections

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).

This type usually occurs in severely overweight adults and rarely requires insulin treatment. Treatment for Type 2 diabetes includes a special diet and exercise. In addition to obesity, other risk factors include:
  • Pregnancy
  • Physiological or emotional stress
  • Certain medications
  • A family history of diabetes
  • Age over 40

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Gestational diabetes begins or is first recognized during pregnancy. It usually becomes apparent during the 24th-28th week of pregnancy. In many cases, the woman's blood-glucose level returns to normal after delivery.

You could be at risk of developing gestational diabetes if you have a history of:
  • A birth weight over 9 pounds in a previous child
  • Diabetes in the family
  • An unexplained death of a previous infant or newborn
  • Obesity
The Diabetes Self-Management Center provides complete patient education services for all conditions and complications of diabetes for patients of any age, including:
  • Evaluation
  • Consultation
  • Pre-and post-testing, full curriculum
  • Specific programs in diet, exercise, cholesterol, and diabetes management
To learn more about our diabetes care services at Hunt Regional Medical Center, please call us at 903-408-5130.