Exploring surgical weight-loss options


About 70 percent of American adults are overweight or have obesity. Extra weight may put people at risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, and certain cancers. Research shows that even a modest weight loss of 5 percent can result in health benefits.

Bariatric surgery is an operation that helps you lose weight by making changes to your digestive system. Some types of bariatric surgeries make your stomach smaller, allowing you to eat and drink less at one time and making you feel full sooner. Other bariatric surgeries also change your small intestine—the part of your body that absorbs calories and nutrients from foods and beverages.

Bariatric surgery may be an option if you have not been able to lose weight or maintain weight loss using other methods such as lifestyle treatment or medications. Bariatric surgery also may be an option if you have serious health problems such as type 2 diabetes or sleep apnea. Bariatric surgery can improve many of the medical conditions linked to obesity, especially type 2 diabetes.

Studies show that many people who have bariatric surgery lose about 15 to 30 percent of their starting weight on average, depending on the type of surgery they have. However, no method, including surgery, is sure to produce and maintain weight loss. Some people who have bariatric surgery may not lose as much as they hoped. Over time, some people regain a portion of the weight they lost. The amount of weight people regain may vary.

Bariatric surgery does not replace healthy habits, but may make it easier for you to consume fewer calories and be more physically active. Choosing healthy foods and beverages before and after the surgery may help you lose more weight and keep it off long term.

Regular physical activity after surgery also helps keep the weight off. Remember, reaching your goal depends not just on the surgery but also on sticking with healthy lifestyle habits throughout your life.

For more information about bariatric surgery, call 903-408-5770.

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